Common beliefs of the Turkic people
The nations like Uzbek, Karakalpak, Kazakh, Turkmen, Kyrgyz, Uyghur and others had existed since ancient times. In particular, Turkic people have a common heritage, such as religion, culture, customs and beliefs. Their languages are also the same to each other.
For instance, when we ask, we have the same roots, when we meet, we speak the same language, we have the same name as the Karakalpak people, and our beliefs and superstitions are intertwined too. The most common beliefs in every day’s life are not to look at the moon, not to look in the mirror in the evening, not to sit on a pillow, not to turn the bread upside down, not to throw the bread crumbs, and so on. In the same way, common beliefs are considered as common to all Turkic people, so that they are equally widespread to everyone.
Kazakh superstitions or beliefs turn mankind away from evil and misdeed, educate them in moral wisdom, call them to the good qualities in man, and lead them to the right path.
This belief is often widespread or common in folklore. It can be proved that they are widespread in our literature.
Let`s take as an example, the epic songs like the Kyrgyz song “Manas”, the common epic songs common to the Turks, such as “Alpamys”, “Shora Batyr” and “Er Sain”. Here, they dream of a child, who will have property, will pass on to the future generations, and will ask the saints for a child. This is a clear proof of faith in the saints. We see that this yellow is widely sung in epic songs as the most important motive. Especially we remember the images of old Jakyp in “Manas”, Baibori in “Alpamys”, Narik in “Shorada”, Bozmunai in “Er Saiyn”. One thing to bare in mind, dreaming and color interpretation itself is a complex story in these songs.
Belief in common color is a very ancient concept in Turkic-Mongolian folklore. In the songs, the strange people with white beards, sticks and turbans come to the strange souls who wish for children and visit the saints. It seems that this scene is exactly repeated in the Kyrgyz song “Manas”.
He fell asleep,
He fell asleep
The bay is exhausted.
A man with a white turban on his head,
A man with a white beard
He came in, etc.
And it should be noted that the fact that the lips of a woman during intercourse are one of the common typological phenomena in the epic heritage of many countries. For example, in the Kazakh epic “Kozy Korpesh Bayan Sulu”, it is not accidental that women gave birth while Karabay and Sarybay were hunting. Also, in “Munlyk-Zarlyk”, Shanshar khan goes far away and waits for the good news when his wife starts to give birth. In “Manas”, Jakyp does the same.
This, of course, is one of the ancient superstitions common to the Turkic peoples, belief in it.
This characterizes the fact that the epic tradition of the Kazakhs, Kyrgyz, Karakalpaks, Uzbeks and other people is the most similar and radical.
In short, the Turkic peoples have not only a common origin, but also their traditions, customs, culture and beliefs are similar. If we look at the beliefs of the Turkic peoples in general, we see the common qualities that call for the morality, humanity and decency.
(“Lessons of tradition” by R.Berdibaev, “Connection of Kazakh Karakalpak literature” by S.Toishybaev, some data from Moldabekov`s “Kazakh studies” works were used for this material.)
The teacher of Kazakh language and literature at school №28,
The Republic of Uzbekistan,
The Republic of Karakalpakstan,
The city of Nukus.